Did you know that school choice already exists statewide in Wisconsin, among public schools?
The process is called open enrollment, and it allows families to apply for their children to attend school in a school district other than the one in which they live. The district they apply to enter is called the nonresident district; the district in which they live is the resident district.
Not every open enrollment application is accepted, however. In 2011-2012, 28% of applications for students without disabilities were denied.* For students with disabilities, the percentages are somewhat higher: 34% of such applications were denied by the nonresident district, and 10% were denied by the resident district. The denials by the resident districts and nonresident districts overlap, so it is reasonable to estimate that the total denials for students with disabilities are somewhere in the neighborhood of 40%.
Supporters of special needs vouchers frequently quote the 40%-denial statistic as if it proved the need for vouchers. This is not only a misleadingly-selective interpretation of the data, but also a misunderstanding of what special needs vouchers would actually do.
When voucher proponents cite that 40% of open enrollment applications of students with disabilities are denied, they never mention the corresponding figure that 28% of students without disabilities are denied as well! In fact, about a third of the reasons given for nonresident districts denying open enrollment applications for students with disabilities are non-disability-related reasons.
Vouchers won’t change that. If a nonresident district doesn’t have space, for example, a voucher won’t make that space appear. If the nonresident district doesn’t offer 4K, they don’t offer 4K whether there’s a voucher involved or not.
The other two-thirds of reasons given for nonresident districts to deny open enrollment applications for students with disabilities are special education related, such as lack of special-education space, or program or services not being available.
Vouchers won’t change that either. Many voucher proponents don’t realize that no school, whether public or private, is required to accept a student with a voucher. If a nonresident school doesn’t have the special education programming or space, a voucher won’t compel them to accept a student who needs those things.
That leaves a much smaller open enrollment issue, and it is one that can and should be solved by legislation specific to open enrollment, rather than via the pitfalls and empty promises of the special needs vouchers.
Ten percent of open enrollment applications for students with disabilities in 2011/2012 were denied by the resident district, for “undue financial burden.” In some cases “undue financial burden” may have been the only reason for denial, while in other cases it may have overlapped with denial reasons from nonresident districts. “Undue financial burden” is currently allowed as a reason for open enrollment denial only when special educational needs are involved. It comes about because the resident district is responsible for funding the student even when he or she attends in a nonresident district.
Since “undue financial burden” is what we’re really trying to fix when it comes to open enrollment – let’s fix it within the public school system! The legislature can solve the problem of “undue financial burden” by reallocating funding for students with special needs, relieving the resident district of the issue and removing it as an open enrollment denial option.
At Stop Special Needs Vouchers, we want to improve the public school open enrollment system so that students with disabilities have equal choice between public schools as do students without disabilities. While the inequity is not as great as voucher proponents would have us believe, it is still a problem and needs attention.
We urge the Wisconsin legislature to address the question of “undue financial burden” in open enrollment as a public-school issue rather than letting it be conflated with voucher arguments. When taxpayer money goes to public schools, including through open enrollment, students with disabilities have rights and protections under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). When taxpayer money leaves the public school system via vouchers, the IDEA rights and protections for the voucher students would disappear as well. The deeply-flawed special needs voucher proposal, including its lack of accountability and rights, is a separate issue from open enrollment and must be treated as such.